Hard Ground

Showing 7 of 7 articles in total.

A connection to ground through a wire or other conductor that has very little or nearly no resistance (impedance) to ground.

The human body model electrostatic discharge tester.


An electrostatic discharge circuit that meets the set model values by conforming to waveform criteria specified ESD-S5.1, characterizing the discharge from the fingertip of a typical human being.


An electrostatic discharge event meeting the waveform criteria specified in ESD S5.1, approximating the discharge from the fingertip of a typical human being.


Equipment that applies Human Body Model electrostatic discharges to a component.

An ESD event meeting the waveform criteria specified in this standard, approximating the discharge form the fingertip of a typical human being.

The threshold of human sensitivity to ESD is 3.5 kV.



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